Public University of Navarre

Academic year: 2024/2025 | Previous academic years:  2023/2024  |  2022/2023  |  2021/2022  |  2020/2021 
Bachelor's degree in Primary Education at the Universidad Pública de Navarra
Course code: 312403 Subject title: TEACHING THE NATURAL SCIENCES
Credits: 6 Type of subject: Mandatory Year: 2 Period: 2º S
Department: Ciencias

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Module/Subject matter

Didactic and Disciplinary Module / Knowledge of the natural environment, social and its didactic



This course belongs to the subject matter: "Knowledge of the social and natural environment and its teaching". The topic is compulsory and is comprised of 24 ECTS, of which 6 correspond to the course: " Natural Science Teaching". It is taught during the 2nd semester of the 2nd course of the BA in Primary Teaching, and includes the following topics:

  • Teach and learn science today: learning types (significant learning, inquiry)
  • Science and its application in model construction.
  • Knowledge models about: Introduction to scientific activity, Human body and health, Living beings, Matter and energy, Technology (objects and tools)
  • School science: key concepts, curriculum, misconceptions held by students and ways to make them evolve
  • Resources for science teaching: field trips, ICT, laboratory practices
  • Foundations and applications of the scientific method to the teaching and learning of the natural environment
  • Elaboration and design of integrated projects about Natural and Social Science, or instructional modules.


General proficiencies

2.1. Basic proficiencies

BP1 - Students have demonstrated that they possess knowledge of and understand an area of study, based on general secondary education and usually at a level which, albeit with the support of advanced text books, also includes some aspects which imply knowledge of the latest developments in their field of study.

BP2 - Students know how to apply their knowledge to their work or vocation in a professional manner and possess skills which are usually demonstrated by developing and defending arguments and resolving problems in their area of study.

BP3 - Students are able to compile and interpret relevant information (normally within their area of study) in order to voice opinions which include reflection on relevant themes of a social, scientific or ethical nature.

BP5 - Students have developed those learning skills required in order to undertake further studies with a considerable degree of self-reliance.
2.2. General Proficiencies
GP1 - To be familiar with the curricular areas of Primary Education, the interdisciplinary relationship between them, the evaluation criteria and the body of didactic knowledge involved in the respective teaching and learning procedures.

GP2 - To design, plan and evaluate teaching and learning processes, both individually and in collaboration with other teachers and school professionals.

GP3 - To address language learning situations effectively in contexts of diversity which are multicultural and multilingual. To encourage reading and the critical commentary of texts from the different scientific and cultural fields found in the school curriculum.

GP6 - To be familiar with the organisation of primary education schools and the range of actions involved in their operation. To perform guidance and tutoring functions with schoolchildren and their families, attending to schoolchildren¿s unique educational needs. To accept that teaching, as a practice, must be constantly refined and adapted to scientific, pedagogical and social changes over the course of one's entire life.

GP7 - To collaborate with the different sectors of the educational community and social environment. To accept the educational dimension of the teaching profession and promote democratic education for active citizenship.

GP8 -To maintain a critical, independent relationship with respect to knowledge, values and social institutions, both private and public.

GP9 - To value both individual and collective responsibility in the achievement of a sustainable future.

GP10 - To reflect on classroom practices in order to innovate and improve teaching. To acquire habits and skills for autonomous and cooperative learning, and promote it among schoolchildren.

GP11 - To be familiar with Information and Communication Technology, and apply it in the classroom. To distinguish the audiovisual information which contributes to learning, civic education and cultural richness in a selective manner.

GP12 - To understand the function, possibilities and limits of education in today's society and the core competences which affect primary schools and the professionals who belong to them. To be familiar with quality improvement models as applicable to education centres.
2.3. Transverse Proficiencies
TP2 - To demonstrate a level of competence in Spanish and, where appropriate, Basque equivalent to the C1 level of the Council of Europe¿s Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.


Specific proficiencies

SP1-To be familiar with the objectives, curricular content, meaning of the areas and organisation, methodology and evaluation criteria of Primary Education.

SP2-To design, plan and evaluate teaching and learning processes with other professionals according to interdisciplinary and disciplinary criteria.

SP3-To encourage reading and the critical commentary of texts from the different scientific and cultural fields. To express themselves correctly both orally and in writing, and to master language learning situations in contexts of diversity.

SP4-To design and regulate learning spaces in contexts of diversity which are multicultural and multilingual. To attend to the unique needs of schoolchildren, gender equality, fairness, respect and human rights.

SP6-To be familiar with the organisation of primary schools and how they work in collaboration with the various sectors of the educational community and social environment.

SP7-To encourage cooperation, the motivation and desire to learn, and to participate actively in the school¿s projects.
SP9-To acquire autonomous and cooperative learning habits and skills in order to encourage the active involvement of schoolchildren in their social and personal development.

SP10-To reflect on classroom practices in order to innovate and improve teaching, and associate them with the basic psychological processes, pedagogical models and disciplinary criteria of the stage of education.

SP12-To organise actively the processes of teaching and learning the contents of Primary Education from a perspective of skills development. To be familiar with quality improvement models.

SP14-To contextualise teaching work in the face of political, social and pedagogical changes, and to foster democratic education and the development of active citizenship to achieve a sustainable future.


Learning outcomes

The learning outcomes are the concretion of the competences that the student will acquire in a course. Three levels are established:
 - Optimum: acquisition of 100% of the competences and mastery in at least 75% of them.
 - Medium: acquisition of the majority of the competences intended in the subject and mastery in those aspects that contribute to the specific competences of the degree.
 - Deficient: insufficient acquisition of the aspects that contribute to the specific competences of the degree.
 A student gets an APT rating if the level of learning is optimal or medium.
LO1. Understand the general theoretical foundations (how do we learn) and the specific ones (nature of science) which condition the teaching of sciences.   LESSON 1 LESSON2 LESSON 4 LA1 ET2
LO2. Master basic scientific knowledge related with Scientific activity, Physical systems, Matter and its changes, Living beings and Human body and health (at the Secondary School level). LESSONS 5,6,7,8 LA1 LA 2 LA4 LA6 ET3, ET4
LO3. Identify conceptual errors held by students, and plan teaching-learning activities to make them evolve. LESSON 2 LA1 ET3 ET4
LO4. Extract the main ideas in the curriculum, and propose an adequate learning progression. LESSON 3 LA3   ET2 ET3
LO5. Design science teaching-learning activities in Primary School, which involve researchi, inquiry, communication and knowledge construction; communicate and defend these activities. LESSONS 1-8 LA2 LA3 ET2 ET3 ET4
LO6. Critically evaluate their own and their peers¿ didactic proposals.  LESSONS 1-8 LA2 LA3 ET1   ET3 ET4



5.1. Teaching methods

Code Description
TM1 Lecture with full attendance
TM2 Interaction in large group
TM3 Interaction in medium-sized group
TM4 Interaction in small group
TM4 Individualised interaction: tasks and guidelines for autonomous study

5.2 Learning activities

Código Descripción Hours Attendance
LA1 Theory classes (foundation, examples, proven applications and developments) 45 100
LA2 Practical classes or, in the event, practical experience (in the field) 15 100
LA3 Preparation of papers and oral defence 30 10
LA4 Self-study 50 0
LA5 Tutorials 6 100
LA6 Oral or written exams 4 100




Weight (%) It allows
test resit
required grade
LO6 ES1 5% 0% 0/10
LO1, LO4, LO5 ES2 20% 10% 5/10
LO2, LO3, LO4, LO5, LO6 ES3 35% 20% 5/10
LO2, LO5, LO6 ES4 40% 40% 5/10




Learning outcomes Evaluation System/Description Value (%) Recoverable (%)
LO6 ES1 5% 0%
LO1, LO4, LO5 ES2 20% 10%
LO2, LO3, LO4, LO5, LO6 ES3 35% 20%
LO2, LO5, LO6 ES4 40% 4O%
TOTAL   100% 70%


The evaluation systems are described as follows:

ES1: Attendance and participation in class. Active participation will be appreciated, meaning the student is able to make personal contributions and critical remarks, and contributes to the dynamism of the sessions.

ES2: Theory review and summary work

ES3: Practical work: observation, proposal and, where appropriate, evaluation. Assignments will deal with solving of specific problems, and will have to follow the didactical approaches introduced during the course.

ES4: Partial or complete oral or written assessments. The student will be requested to synthetize the different approaches introduced during the course and to communicate them in an effective manner.

Evaluation is continuous for the students meeting the requirements, and there is a global test for the rest. The students who fail any of the blocks will have to retake the global test.



The lessons are structured considering the epistemological and curricular aspects of science teaching.

The 1st block is designed to make sense of teaching and learning science in the Primary school: understand what Science is, what it is taught for, and how to structure teaching-learning processes analyzing traditional, active school and constructivist learning models.

The 2nd block is designed to ensure students become familiar with the current science curriculum for Primary school in Navarre. For each of the basic knowledges the students are expected to recognize some misconceptions found among Primary school pupils. They are meant to develop strategies to overcome these ideas, and to acquire the necessary scientific knowledge and skills to lead these strategies towards the design of a project (Instructional Module) to promote sustainable development and meaningful learning.


Lesson 1. Which science should we teach in the school? Reasons for and objectives of teaching and learning school science under a constructivist paradigm. Analysis of pedagogical models: traditional, active school and constructivism. Paradigm shift in the 21st century.

Lesson 2. How do we learn science? Psycho-pedagogical theories of Novak, Ausubel and Gowin. Misconceptions and their effect on learning. Instructional and metacognitive tools for a conceptual change: Concept maps, Vee diagram, Tree of knowledge, Cmap Tools. Meaningful and sustainable learning.

Lesson 3. Natural Sciences curriculum for Primary school (current curriculum). Analysis of the basic knowledges, specific skills and evaluation criteria. Scientific competence at school. 

Lesson 4. How to teach science? The 5 E model, Green pedagogy, positive psychology for students' emotional regulation and well-being, experiential learning and knowledge modelling using Cmap Tools.


Lesson 5: Design of a sustainable teaching proposal based on the current primary education curriculum and development of an instructional design in relation to selected aspects of Natural Sciences.

5.1. Guidelines for the instructional design in relation to Natural Sciences.
5.2. Elaboration of the corresponding knowledge model 
5.3. Public presentation of the model

Selected aspects:

6) Human body and health

7) Living beings and their environment

8) Matter and energy

9) Technology, objects and machines

10) Environmental education and SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) of the Agenda 2030.



Experimental practice program

Reflections Nature Based Interventions
Analysis of scientific texts on science education Environmental education actions
Role-playing (gender and pedagogical models)  
Disussion (socio-scientific issues)  
Design of Concept Maps  
Design of teaching project (Cmap Tools)  



Access the bibliography that your professor has requested from the Library.


Cañal, P. (2016). Didáctica de las ciencias. Editorial Paraninfo

Driver, R., Guesne, E. Tiberghien, A. and Manzano, P. (1992). Ideas científicas de la infancia y la adolescencia. Morata.

Drucker, P.F. (1993). Post-Capitalist Society. New York: Harper Collins.

Freire, H. (2011). Educar en verde. Ideas para acercar a niños y niñas a la naturaleza. Grao

González, F. (2008 2ª edición). El mapa conceptual y el diagrama UVE. Recursos para la enseñanza superior en el Siglo XXI. Madrid: Narcea.

González, F., Ibáñez. F., Casalí, J., López, J., Novak, J.D. (2007 2ª edición). Una aportación a la mejora de la calidad de la docencia universitaria: Los mapas conceptuales. Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad Pública de Navarra.

Gowin, D.B. (1981). Educating. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Izquierdo, M (coord) (2011). Química a Infantil i Primària. Ed Graó

Meichenbaum, D., and Biemiller, A. (1998). Nurturing independent learners helping students take charge of their learning. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Brookline Books.

Novak, J.D. (2010, 2nd edition). Learning, Creating and Using Knowledge.Concept maps as facilitative tools in schools and corporations. Ed. Routledge.

Novak, J.D., Mintzes J.J., and Wandersee, J.H. (2000). Epilogue: On ways of assessing science understanding. In Mintzes,Wandersee and Novak (Eds.). Assessing science understanding. A human constructivist view (Chapter 15, pp. 355-374). San Diego, California: Academic Press .

Pérez de Villarreal, M. (2022). Nuevas estrategias para la enseñanza de ciencias naturales en Educación Superior. Aprendizaje significativo sostenible. Octaedro.

Pujol, R.M. (2003). Didáctica de les Ciencias en la educación primaria. Síntesis

Rocksén, M. Vhurumukku, E. Svensson, M. Mushayikwa, E. and Msimanga, A. (2022). Science and Technology Teacher Education in the Anthropocene. Addressing challenges in the North and South. Routledge.

Sanmartí, N. (2007). 10 ideas clave. Evaluar para aprender. Grao

Tonucci, F. (2015). La ciudad de los niños. Un modo nuevo de pensar la ciudad. Grao.

Vilchez Gonzalez J. M.(coord.)(2015). Didáctica de las Ciencias para la Educación Primaria. Editorial Pirámide. 


Brian Arnold et al. (2003) Absolute science. Editorial Collins.

Gardner, H. (2006). Multiple Intelligences. New Horizons in Theory in Practice.

Goleman, D. (2006). Social Intelligence: The New Science of Social Relationships. Bantam Books.  

Goleman, D. (2009). Ecological Intelligence: How Knowing the Hidden Impacts of what we buy can change everything. Broadway Business.

Proceedings of the International Congress on Concept mapping (CMC) for the application of concept maps to improve the teaching-learning processes: Pamplona (2004); San José de Costa Rica (2006); Helsinky, Finlandia y Tallin, Estonia (2008); Viña del Mar, Chile (2010); Malta (2012); Santos, Brasil (2014); Tallin, Estonia (2016); Medellín, Colombia (2018).

Ramiro, E. (2010). La Maleta de la ciència: 60 experiments d'aire i aigua i centenars de recursos per a tothom. Barcelona: Graó.

Zufiaurre, B., Pérez de Villarreal, M. (2016). Positive Psychology for Positive Pedagogical Actions. Nova Science Publishers.

Official documents

DECRETO FORAL 67/2022, de 22 de junio, por el que se establece el currículo de las enseñanzas de la etapa de Educación Primaria en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra.

ORDEN FORAL 63/2022, de 8 de agosto, del consejero de Educación, por la que se regula la implantación y el horario de las enseñanzas correspondientes a la etapa de Educación Primaria en los centros educativos ubicados en el ámbito territorial de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra.

ORDEN FORAL 106/2023, de 9 de noviembre, del consejero de Educación, por la que se regulan los tipos de jornada escolar en los centros educativos que imparten enseñanzas de segundo ciclo de Educación Infantil, de Educación Primaria y de Educación Especial en el ámbito territorial de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra.

ORDEN FORAL 52/2023, de 12 de junio, del consejero de Educación, por la que se regula la evaluación y promoción del alumnado que cursa las enseñanzas de Educación Primaria en la Comunidad Foral de Navarra.

ORDEN FORAL 49/2013, de 21 de mayo, del Consejero de Educación, por la que se establece el sistema de reclamaciones en el proceso de evaluación al alumnado de enseñanzas no universitarias impartidas en los centros educativos de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra.

ORDEN FORAL 69/2023, de 21 de agosto, del consejero de Educación, por la que se regula la inclusión educativa en centros docentes no universitarios de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra.

Real Decreto 157/2022, de 1 de marzo, por el que se establecen la ordenación y las enseñanzas mínimas de la Educación Primaria.

Journals on research and innovation in Science teaching.

International Journal of Science Education

Science Education

Electronic Journal of Science Education

Journal of Science Education and Technology

Journal of Science Teacher Education

Research in Science and Technological Education

Journal of Research in Science Teaching

Science Educator

Teaching resources

- Projecte Seeds of Science, Roots of Reading. University of California Berkeley

- Well-organised concept mapping sessions on a variety of topics:





English/Spanish/ Basque



Arrosadia Campus of the Public University of Navarra. For specific classroom, see the website of the Faculty of Humanities, Social and Educational Sciences.